Snow. Ice. Wind.
And sometimes the perfect storm – all three at once.
These are the potential hazards of winter driving of which everyone must be aware. And if you’re planning to take a winter road trip alone you need to be extra cautious.
I learned to drive in the winter. Part of the Driver’s Ed classes I took involved going to an empty parking lot, doing donuts, and learning skid control. Of course, those were in the days of rear wheel drive and no anti-lock braking systems.
Learning to drive in winter gave me confidence and a healthy respect for winter driving conditions. I’ve driven in whiteouts – not recommended – and in winter storms which has sometimes been necessary. And I’ve noticed that many of the vehicles that end up in the ditch are those with four-wheel drive.
So my first tip is:
- Don’t count on technology to keep your car under control. Four-wheel drive is great for accelerating in snow but not for slowing down. You need to drive so that you have control of your car at all times. We’ll get into how below.
Winter Solo Road Trip Planning
If you drive in snowy weather on a regular basis many of these tips will be familiar but there’s no harm in reiterating them here.
- Set a reasonable pace. Don’t plan for long driving days as winter driving can be more tiring than at other times of the year. Also, a 6-hour day on the road can put you into a whole new weather system. Set reasonable expectations.
- Set a schedule you can enjoy. If it’s a road trip covering multiple cities I’ve found that I need three nights per destination. That gives me a travel day and two full days at the destination followed by another travel day…
- Plan to leave and arrive around the traffic. If major cities are on your route, plan to leave and arrive before or after the morning and afternoon rush hours. Navigating a new city can be stressful enough without adding more traffic than necessary and the possibility of bad weather.
- Plan around a theme. Is it family you’re visiting? Are you checking out a few ski resorts? Are there winter festivals you want to attend? Will your trip include a combination of themes? Knowing what you want to get out of your winter road trip will really help you focus and enjoy it.
Winter Road Trip Alone: Packing the Car
- Cell phone and charger for the car. You’ll need a cell phone charger that plugs into what was once, and now rarely is, a cigarette lighter. In case of emergency you’ll not want to run out of battery in your phone.
- Map and GPS. I think it’s important to have both a paper map and a GPS. The latter is great for most circumstances but should the GPS maps be out of date or should it have trouble accessing the satellite you’ll still need to know where you’re going and that will require a paper map.
- Extra windshield washer fluid. Top up your windshield tank before leaving and have an extra bottle with you. If you hit sleet or a storm of any kind you can go through it quickly.
- Have an ice scraper handy. A credit card works in a pinch but it’s a slow process. Invest the $5 to buy a decent ice scraper.
- Jumper cables. It’s easy to wear out a car battery in winter. Leave an interior light on overnight and your car could be dead in the morning. If you have jumper cables with you all you need are the instructions and another car to give you a boost and you’ll be good to go. Remember to give your car a good run to recharge the battery before turning it off again.
- Winter survival kit. You can purchase these at many hardware stores. It should include water and a few food items in addition to flares and the like.
- Sand or kitty litter. Going someplace where the snow will be a real challenge? Pack a bag of sand or kitty litter to put under your power wheels to help you out of a slippery spot.
Prepping Your Vehicle for a Winter Road Trip
- Take your car in for a winter tuneup. You’ll need to tell your mechanic that you’re going on a road trip alone and to pay special attention to the:
- heater, defroster, brakes, lights, oil levels and exhaust system.
- condition of the tires. Decide if all-season tires are good enough for your planned route or whether you need proper winter tires.
- quality of your windshield wipers. This is important as worn out wipers will smear ice on your windshield rather than clean it off.
- anti-freeze in the radiator. A car traveling in winter can’t survive with water in the radiator.
- Get roadside assistance. If you have AAA or CAA you’re fine in North America. If you don’t you can buy short or long-term roadside assistance from Allstate.
Driving Tips for a Winter Solo Road Trip
- Slow down. It’s not a brilliant tip but necessary to mention. You will need to drive more slowly in winter conditions than at other times of year.
- Know the weather forecast. Know what you’re getting into by checking the weather forecast. Snow can be handled but it’s important that you avoid whiteout conditions.
- Fill up often. Don’t let your gas gauge drop much below half of a tank. I know, this means more stops for gas but should you break down, you’ll be glad of the fuel to keep your car and its heater going.
- Always clear the ice off your windows completely. There’s less room for error when you drive in winter conditions. Don’t compromise your visibility by not completely clearing the ice off your windows. It may be cold. The ice may be thick. But it’s worth taking the time to do a good job.
- Clean the snow off your car completely. Some people think that they need to clean off just enough snow so that they can see properly. But clear the snow off your hood so that it doesn’t blow up onto your windshield and blind you. And clean the snow off your roof so that it doesn’t blow off your car and blind the person in the car behind you.
- Stay in your lane. If there’s lots of snow on the road it will be difficult to see the lanes on a highway and to pass safely. You’re best to stay in your lane and follow the car ahead with enough distance so that you can stop safely should you need to. The rule of thumb is that in poor driving conditions there should be 4-6 seconds between you and the car in front of you.
- Know how to brake in snow. There are two basic methods and the one you should use depends on your vehicle. If you have ABS breaks and you have to brake in slippery conditions, push hard on the pedal and leave your foot there until you stop. You’ll notice a vibration and noise as the system does the work for you. If you don’t have ABS brakes, you’ll need to pump the brakes to keep your car moving in a straight line. Here’s a video on how that works.
- Rock don’t spin. If you get stuck in snow, don’t spin your wheels. Press the gas then remove your foot, repeat a few times until you get a rocking motion going with your car and then enough momentum to move forward.
- Turning off traction control when necessary. Traction control is great in most conditions but if you’re at a dead stop and stuck in snow it is your enemy. Turn the traction control off temporarily while you get moving. Watch this video.
- Keep your lights on. Always have your lights on for winter driving so that you are more visible from the front and from behind. Visibility helps prevent accidents caused by others.
- Clean your lights. When you stop for gas clean off your front and rear lights. They may have become covered in snow and slush as you traveled.
- Never pass a snowplow. If you get stuck behind a snowplow be patient and stay there. There’s no advantage to passing and, given that they are pushing snow out of the way, it can be very dangerous.
- Beware of changing weather and black ice. If the weather bounces above freezing and then below it again you could have snow turning to water turning to ice. This makes for dangerous conditions and possibly black ice which is a layer of ice so thin that it’s transparent and therefore difficult to see. Be especially aware of this on bridges which tend to be cooler than regular road and can have more ice on them.
- Don’t use cruise control. You need total control of your car so don’t turn it over to technology.
- Don’t drive with your jacket in the back seat. It’s tempting to shed your jacket in a warm car to be comfortable but should you have an accident or other incident that cuts the heat and prevents you from getting to your jacket easily you’ll be glad you kept it on.
- Pull over safely. If the weather gets bad find a safe place to pull over such as a parking lot. Do not pull over on the shoulder of a highway as people may lose sight of the lanes in bad conditions and not see you until the last minute. You do not want to be run into.
- Take a break. Driving in challenging conditions is more tiring than the usual road trip. Know how far it is to the next place you can pull over for a warm drink and plan to take frequent breaks along the way.
- Kick the snow off your boots. The less snow in your car the less melted water and the less vapour to fog your windows.
- Don’t wear bulky boots. You want to have a good sense of the pedals beneath your feet so wear footwear that is warm and allows you to feel the pedals.
And, finally, a manual transmission is preferable in winter. It offers much more control so if you have the options of driving stick, do so.
A winter road trip alone can be fabulous. Take care and have fun.